Vibrant Basil Pesto is sunny, scrumptious summer, in spoonable form. Use it for pasta and sandwiches, drizzle it over tomatoes, spread it on pizza, and more. Anything pesto touches becomes brighter, fresher, and all the more delicious.

A bowl of basil pesto with a spoon

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Classic basil pesto is a green sauce made from basil leaves, pine nuts, Parmesan, garlic, and good quality olive oil.

It tastes herby, nutty, a little grassy, and exceptionally fresh.

Pesto is also flexible.

While basil and pine nuts are traditional, they are only one version:

  • Use other nuts instead of pine nuts (like the walnuts in the Creamy Basil Pesto from The Well Plated Cookbook).
  • Change the basil for other herbs or greens (like the cilantro and arugula in this Avocado Pesto).
  • Even the cheese is flexible. Need a vegan pesto? Just leave it out or add nutritional yeast.
The best basil pesto on a spoon

Pesto’s glory is its simplicity.

It’s only a handful of ingredients, and it adds liveliness to anything to which you add it…

…and as you’ll see, you can add pesto to a lot.

Easy basil pesto in a food proessor

How to Make Sweet Basil Pesto

Pesto is a food that it is truly worth making from scratch.

While you can find some decent store-bought pestos, nothing compares to the taste of homemade pesto fresh from your own kitchen.

My main gripe about most basil pesto recipes is that they are too oily.

I want my pesto to cling to noodles, stand up as a spread on sandwiches, and be more about the herbs than the oil.

  • I make my pesto on the thicker side (higher ratio of basil and nuts to oil).
  • If you prefer your pesto, looser, add more olive oil as desired.

The Ingredients

  • Pine Nuts. Nuts give the pesto structure and delicious nutty flavor. While pine nuts are the most commonly used nut, you can swap them for walnuts, almonds, or pistachios.

Dietary Note

For a nut free pesto, swap the pine nuts for sunflower seeds or pepitas.

  • Garlic. For that scrumptious garlicky goodness.
  • Basil. The star of the show! Basil exudes freshness with a hint of sweetness. It also is partly responsible for the pesto’s green hue.
  • Spinach. Adds an extra touch of freshness, boosts the green color, and packs in nutrition. You can use greens like spinach, kale, or arugula in your pesto.
  • Salt + Pepper. A simple combination that helps add flavor to the pesto.
  • Olive Oil. The oil helps give the pesto the perfect consistency and adds richness.
  • Parmesan. The addictive cheesy, salty addition that completes this pesto. See the “Pesto Variations” box below for substitution ideas.

The Directions

Pine nuts in a saucepan
  1. Toast the nuts.
Garlic and pine nuts in a food processor
  1. Blend the nuts and garlic in a food processor using the pulse feature.
Herbs and seasonings in a food processor
  1. Add the basil, spinach, salt, and pepper.
Basil pesto in a food processor
  1. While the processor is running, pour in the oil.
Cheese and green sauce in a food processor
  1. Add the Parmesan. Process a little longer until smooth. ENJOY!

Tips for the Best Pesto

  • Use Good Quality Olive Oil. Since the oil isn’t heated and pesto is so few ingredients, the quality of the oil is critical. Keep a bottle of nice olive oil on hand for recipes like pesto and salad dressings, then use a less-expensive oil for high-temperature roasting and sautéing.
  • Avoid the Green Can of “Parmesan”. As with the oil, the quality of the cheese is vital. Do not use the green can. Either grate your own Parm from a block (this is expecially easy in the food processor) or purchase freshly grated cheese from your grocery store refrigerator case.
  • Keep It Airtight. Air steals the freshness of pesto as soon as you make it. Whatever pesto you do not use right away, transfer it to an airtight jar and cover it with plastic wrap so no air touches the surface.
  • Vary It Up. The beauty of pesto is its flexibility. Use whichever herbs and greens are freshest or that you have in your garden.

Storage Tips

  • To Store. Air is the enemy of pesto! To store, place pesto in the refrigerator in as small a container as possible, and press a piece of plastic over the top so air doesn’t touch the pesto. Instead of plastic, you can also drizzle a thin layer of extra virgin olive oil on top. It will stay fresh for up to 5 days. If your leftover pesto loses any flavor, you can perk it back up with a little bit of lemon juice.
  • To Freeze. Freeze pesto in an airtight, freezer-safe storage container for up to 3 months. Let thaw overnight in the fridge before using. You can also freeze small portions in an ice cube tray; be sure it’s in an airtight freezer bag.
A bowl with basil pesto

How to Use Basil Pesto

Pesto Variations

Use the ratios in this basil pesto to create a tasty mix of different pestos. Here are a few ways to change it up.

  • Greens. Add a few handfuls of other greens, such as arugula, kale, spinach, chard, or beet greens.
  • Herbs. Substitute all or part of the basil for mint, parsley, or cilantro.
  • Nuts. You can make great basil pesto with walnuts, pistachios, almonds, or a mix. For basil pesto without nuts, use pumpkin seeds.
  • Parmesan. For a vegan pesto, swap the Parmesan for nutritional yeast. Or use a different Italian hard cheese, such as pecorino.
  • Creamy. Try the Creamy Basil Pesto with Greek Yogurt from The Well Plated Cookbook.
  • Fun Additions. Add sun-dried tomatoes or roasted red peppers.

Recommended Tools to Make this Recipe

The Best Food Processor

This high-powered food processor comes with multiple discs and blades for a variety of functions. The parts are dishwasher-safe too!

A bowl of basil pesto with a spoon

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Homemade basil pesto sauce, you keep life fresh!

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I Make Pesto in Advance?

Yes, you can make pesto ahead of time. Prepare the pesto as directed, then transfer it to an airtight container for up to 5 days. You can also make a big batch, freeze the leftovers, and thaw them as needed.

Can I Use Dried Basil in Pesto?

Honestly, no. Fresh herbs are critical for great-tasting pesto. If you don’t have basil, try a different herb such as cilantro, mint, parsley, or a mix.

Is Homemade Pesto Healthy?

This homemade pesto recipe is healthy when enjoyed as part of a balanced diet. It’s packed with antioxidants, healthy fats, magnesium, iron, vitamins, calcium, protein, and more. It also uses less oil than other pesto recipes.

Can I Make Pesto Without a Food Processor?

I have only tested this recipe in a food processor. If you have a high-powered blender such as a Vitamix, you can experiment, but it might be more challenging to get the garlic and the nuts to grind evenly. For the ultimate challenge and original Genoa, Italy experience, you can make it with a mortar and pestle.

A bowl of basil pesto with a spoon

Basil Pesto

5 from 4 votes
Basil pesto is fresh, vibrant, and tastes like summer! Use it for pasta, on sandwiches, pizza, and so much more.

Prep: 10 mins
Cook: 0 mins
Total: 10 mins

Servings: 4 (about 3/4 cup)

Ingredients
  

  • 3 tablespoons pine nuts or ¼ cup walnuts
  • 2 large cloves garlic
  • 2 cups fresh basil leaves no stems
  • 2 cups spinach chopped kale, or arugula,
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1/2 cup extra-virgin olive oil use more for a smoother, looser pesto
  • 1/4 cup freshly grated parmesan cheese or nutritional yeast

Instructions
 

  • Toast the nuts: place the nuts in a small, dry skillet. Toast over low heat, shaking the pan often, until fragrant and toasted, about 4 minutes for pine nuts and 6 to 8 minutes for walnuts. BE PATIENT. As soon as you crank up the heat, nuts love to burn.
  • Place the pine nuts and garlic in the bowl of a food processor fitted with a steel blade. Blend for 10 long pulses.
  • Add the basil, spinach, salt, and pepper.
  • With the processor running, slowly pour in the olive oil through the feed tube. Puree until smooth, about 45 seconds to 1 minute. Scrape down the side of the food processor bowl as needed.
  • Add the Parmesan and puree until blended, about 30 seconds more, stopping to scrape down the bowl as needed. Add additional oil if you'd like the pesto thinner. Use right away or store for later use (see tip below).

Notes

  • TO STORE: Air is the enemy of pesto! To store, place pesto in the refrigerator in as small a container as possible, and press a piece of plastic over the top so air doesn’t touch the pesto. Instead of plastic, you can also drizzle a thin layer of olive oil on top. It will stay fresh for up to 5 days. 
  • TO FREEZE: Freeze pesto in an airtight freezer-safe storage container for up to 3 months. Let thaw overnight in the refrigerator before using. 

Nutrition

Serving: 1(of 4)Calories: 324kcalCarbohydrates: 3gProtein: 4gFat: 34gSaturated Fat: 5gPolyunsaturated Fat: 6gMonounsaturated Fat: 22gCholesterol: 5mgPotassium: 183mgFiber: 1gSugar: 1gVitamin A: 2096IUVitamin C: 7mgCalcium: 96mgIron: 1mg

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Erin Clarke

Hi, I'm Erin Clarke, and I'm fearlessly dedicated to making healthy food that's affordable, easy-to-make, and best of all DELISH. I'm the author and recipe developer here at wellplated.com and of The Well Plated Cookbook. I adore both sweets and veggies, and I am on a mission to save you time and dishes. WELCOME!

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  1. I made this in my Vitamix because I don’t have a food processor. Had to stop after every pulse to get the pine nuts and garlic back in place (ultimately got lazy and just put them in place for the long blend). It turned out perfectly and so yummy! I upped the garlic a bit, so it has a little kick. It is the perfect consistency (which is something I’ve had issues with in other recipes). Have some in my fridge and will likely freeze some, too!5 stars

  2. I tried this recipe with my very large basil crop this summer. I found myself using this pesto on, and with, so many dishes! Thank you!5 stars

  3. I tried this recipe with my very large basil crop this summer. I love that it includes spinach. Think the garlic was just the right amount. I found myself using this pesto on, and with, so many dishes! Thank you!5 stars